定義のつづき

白樺湖のつづきと哲学の定義のつづきです。

■哲学の定義5:哲学とは、社会が直面している最も重要な問題が何であるかを明示し、それに答えることである。
 このような哲学の代表は、ヘーゲルとマルクスである。ヘーゲルは啓蒙主義、悟性主義にその時代の問題をみて、それを歴史主義によって乗り越えようとした。マルクスは、資本主義にその時代の問題を見て、共産主義によって乗り越えようとした。
 これとよく似た定義として、次のものがある。
 
■哲学の定義6:哲学とは、人にとっての最も重要な問題「人生の意味とは何か」に答えることである。

この定義5と6に対する批判は次のようになる。
 社会問題と人生問題は、我々によって構成される。社会問題に限らず、全ての問題は、我々によって構成されるのである。<事実>は、我々の認識から独立に、実在するのではない。<問題>もまた我々の認識から独立に存在するのではない。事実と意図の矛盾から問題が生じるが、事実認識も、意図も、問に対する答えとして構築される。勿論、問と答えが構築されるとしても、その構築は個人が恣意的におこなえることではない。
 哲学が、通常問題をより深くより広く問うことであるとすれば、これらの問に関して、哲学は、「社会問題や人生問題は、どのように構成されるのか」を問うことになる。確かに定義5と6に示される課題は、哲学の重要課題である、あるいは最重要課題であるかもしれない。なぜなら、より深い問題やより広い問題のほうが、より重要であるとは限らないからである。しかし、それらの課題は、哲学の全てではない。
 そこで、私は定義3を採用することにする。

投稿者:

irieyukio

問答の哲学研究、ドイツ観念論研究、を専門にしています。 2019年3月に大阪大学を定年退職し、現在は名誉教授です。 香川県丸亀市生まれ、奈良市在住。

「定義のつづき」への70件のフィードバック

  1. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  2. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how
    can we communicate?

  3. What’s up i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere,
    when i read this post i thought i could also create comment due
    to this brilliant post.

  4. Hey there I am so happy I found your webpage, I really found you by error,
    while I was looking on Digg for something else, Regardless I
    am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a tremendous post and a all
    round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to go through it all at the
    moment but I have saved it and also included your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  5. Great article! This is the type of information that are supposed to
    be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit higher!

    Come on over and consult with my web site . Thank you =)

  6. Hi there! I realize this is kind of off-topic however I
    needed to ask. Does managing a well-established website
    such as yours take a large amount of work? I’m completely new to running a blog
    but I do write in my journal everyday. I’d like to start a blog
    so I will be able to share my personal experience and views online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions or tips for new aspiring blog owners.

    Thankyou!

  7. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book
    in it or something. I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but instead of
    that, this is great blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  8. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality
    articles or weblog posts on this kind of space .

    Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website.

    Studying this info So i am glad to convey that I’ve an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed.
    I most indisputably will make sure to do not overlook this site and provides it a look
    regularly.

  9. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to
    find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  10. Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow
    you if that would be okay. I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog
    and look forward to new posts.

  11. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you
    could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  12. Generally I don’t learn post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me
    to try and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me.
    Thank you, very nice post.

  13. Thanks for any other informative web site. Where else may just I get that type of info
    written in such an ideal method? I have a challenge that I’m simply
    now operating on, and I’ve been at the look out for
    such information.

  14. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came
    to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things
    to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  15. Thank you, I’ve just been searching for information about this topic for ages
    and yours is the best I’ve found out so far.
    But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to the supply?

  16. It’s nearly impossible to find well-informed people about this subject, however,
    you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  17. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty.

    You’re incredible! Thanks!

  18. This is the right site for anybody who wishes to find out about this
    topic. You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with
    you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a
    brand new spin on a topic which has been written about for years.
    Great stuff, just wonderful!

  19. Quality articles is the secret to interest the people to pay a visit the website, that’s what this web page is providing.

  20. I blog quite often and I truly thank you for your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest.
    I am going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new information about once a week.
    I opted in for your Feed too.

  21. At this time it seems like Movable Type is the preferred blogging platform
    available right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

  22. Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is wonderful, let
    alone the content!

  23. It’s awesome to go to see this site and reading the
    views of all friends about this piece of writing, while I am also eager of getting knowledge.

  24. Hey There. I found your weblog the usage of msn. This is an extremely neatly written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful info.
    Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.

  25. Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it
    😉 I will return yet again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is the
    greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  26. Somebody necessarily assist to make critically posts I
    might state. That is the first time I frequented your website page and up to now?
    I amazed with the research you made to make this particular submit incredible.

    Magnificent job!

  27. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s
    a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and
    visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme?
    Superb work!

  28. After researching some blog posts on your site, I actually like how you blog. I added it to my list of bookmarked sites and can check again soon. Please check my site.

  29. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.
    I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this short article together.
    I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  30. We were two small trees fighting side by side, we were two voices in a duet, and we were once alumni on a desk. Today, please accept my affectionate blessings.

  31. Don’t use your time to witness the success of others. May all the detours you go through become beautiful rainbows in the end.

  32. When I face the sea, others are blooming in spring, when I want to die with the sea, but it has become the Dead Sea. I have many memories about you, but you are paranoid that you are just a passerby.

  33. Some things turn around for a lifetime. I didn’t know each other at first, but finally I didn’t know each other. If love is just passing by, why bother here. Some love, had to settle each other, suddenly looking back, I can no longer tell.

  34. Time will always give you the answer, who is the one who really hurts you and who really cares about you; who is who you care about but who cares nothing about you. Some people are not worth cherishing too much, while others are worth cherishing

  35. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do you know any methods to help stop content from being ripped off? I’d certainly appreciate it.

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。