Baが矛盾するとき

     紅葉というよりも、黄葉です。

とりあえず、「多文化主義の信念形式」のBaのほうについて考えましょう。
Ba「私はpを信じます。しかし私は¬pを信じている他の人を、人格として尊重します。」

このpにどんな命題を入れてもかならず矛盾するということはありません。
例えばpに「御嶽山には、今雪が積もっている」を入れてもBaは矛盾しません。
このpにどんな価値命題を入れても必ず矛盾するということもありません。
例えばpに「私の作るカレーは、私の作るハヤシライスよりもおいしい」を入れても矛盾しません。

このpに特殊な価値命題を代入するときに矛盾が生じるのです。
では、それはどんな価値命題でしょうか。
その答えは簡単です。
それは、「p」から「¬pを信じる人を尊重しない」や「¬pを信じる人を軽蔑する」や「¬pを信じる人を抹殺すべきだ」などの命題、つまり、「¬pを信じる人を尊重する」と矛盾する命題が導出できる場合です。

では、Bbについてはどうでしょうか。

投稿者:

irieyukio

問答の哲学研究、ドイツ観念論研究、を専門にしています。 2019年3月に大阪大学を定年退職し、現在は名誉教授です。 香川県丸亀市生まれ、奈良市在住。

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