社会的な死?

      山口市の瑠璃光寺に咲いていた花です。
      花はつねに、儚さの象徴です。

 ここでは、人生論の第一問題「死に対してどのような態度をとるべきか」について考えます。

 「生きたい」という意図と、「人間は死ぬ」という事実の矛盾(?)から、「死に対してどのような態度をとるべきか」という問いが生まれのだと思われます。少なくとも、このどちらか、あるいは両方が成立しないとき、上の問いは生じないでしょう。

 さて、「生きたい」という欲望には、二種類あることがわかりました。一つは心的ないし身体的な状態の記述としての「私は生きたい」です。もう一つは、意図表明としての「私は生きたい」という発話です。後者は社会的な欲望だといえそうです。
 「私は生きたい」が事実の記述であるのなら、「人間は死ぬ」と矛盾しません。これらは、事実として、あるいは事実の記述としては、矛盾していないからです。
 「私は生きたい」が意図であるときに、「人間は死ぬ」と矛盾する(?)のです。(この矛盾については、いずれ、もう少し詳しく説明することにします。)
 もし「私は生きたい」が社会的な欲望であるならば、それと矛盾する「人間は死ぬ」の方も、自然的な死でなく社会的な死、自然的な事実ではなく社会的な事実なのではないでしょうか? では、社会的な死とは何でしょうか?

投稿者:

irieyukio

問答の哲学研究、ドイツ観念論研究、を専門にしています。 2019年3月に大阪大学を定年退職し、現在は名誉教授です。 香川県丸亀市生まれ、奈良市在住。

「社会的な死?」への34件のフィードバック

  1. SECRET: 0
    PASS:
    ちょっと論旨がずれているかもしれませんが,私は「人間の死」というのはすべからく「社会的な死」なのではないかと思っています.社会が「この人はもう永遠に(この肉体をもって)われわれとコミュニケーションをとることができるようになる可能性はなくなった」と判断したとき,はじめて「死」は訪れるのではないでしょうか.

  2. Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Opera.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or
    something to do with web browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you
    know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Cheers

  3. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was once a leisure account it.
    Glance complex to more brought agreeable from you! However,
    how could we be in contact?

  4. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you
    relied on the video to make your point. You obviously
    know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could
    be giving us something informative to read?

  5. Hello there, I found your site via Google even as looking for a comparable topic,
    your web site got here up, it appears to be like great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply was alert to your blog via Google, and found
    that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful if you happen to continue this in future.
    Numerous folks might be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  6. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your site on my iphone during
    lunch break. I love the knowledge you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded on my
    phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, excellent blog!

  7. Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided
    to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break.

    I love the info you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I
    get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..

    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, great site!

  8. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you really recognise what you’re talking about!

    Bookmarked. Please additionally consult with my website =).

    We can have a hyperlink exchange contract among us

  9. Hi there, I want to subscribe for this web site to obtain most up-to-date updates, thus where can i do it
    please help out.

  10. It’s truly a nice and helpful piece of information. I’m happy that you
    just shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this.
    Thank you for sharing.

  11. Greate post. Keep posting such kind of information on your page.
    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hey there, You’ve performed an excellent job. I’ll definitely
    digg it and in my opinion suggest to my friends. I am sure
    they will be benefited from this site.

  12. It’s really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you
    just shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to
    date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  13. Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person’s blog link on your page at suitable
    place and other person will also do same in support of you.

  14. I like the helpful information you provide to your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and test once more here
    regularly. I’m reasonably certain I’ll be informed a lot of new stuff right right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  15. It’s an amazing piece of writing in support of all the web people;
    they will obtain advantage from it I am sure.

  16. After browsing the entire web and seeing weak points of view, I thought my life was over. If there is no answer in your life that solves the problem you solved through the post, it will be a serious case, and if I don’t notice your online blog, it will have a negative impact on my career. Your own expertise and kindness are priceless.

  17. We’re a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with helpful information to work on. You have
    performed an impressive task and our entire group will probably be grateful to you.

  18. The road is long and steep. Maybe you are tired. You want to give up.If you want to reach the peak of the road smoothly, you can only hold back the tired feet, relax the complex thoughts in your heart, and keep going forward step by step. Believe a word: do not give up, only succeed.

  19. We were two small trees fighting side by side, we were two voices in a duet, and we were once alumni on a desk. Today, please accept my affectionate blessings.

  20. I’ll immediately grab your rss feed as I
    can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please permit me realize so that I may just subscribe.
    Thanks.

  21. When the love is strong, eachother is in the sea; when the love is weak, it is the same. Love cannot fade when it is strong, but it is difficult to thick when it is weak. Love is difficult to face, that is why it is embarrassing!

  22. To be a person is to be like a flower, whether or not anyone sees it, but you must bloom. You do not bloom for others but for yourself. Don’t do other people’s rewards, just be the most dazzling self!

  23. What other people think of you and how you say it is their business, it has nothing to do with you, how you live, how you live, and it has nothing to do with them, be yourself.

  24. Does happiness hurt? Let her go, but not herself. Some things turn around for a lifetime. I didn’t know each other at first, but finally I didn’t know each other. If love is just passing by, why bother here. Some love, had to settle each other, suddenly looking back, I can no longer tell.

  25. Hi would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?

    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something
    completely unique. P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had
    to ask!

  26. When I want to die with the sea, but it has become the Dead Sea. I have many memories about you, but you are paranoid that you are just a passerby.

  27. Hello There. I discovered your blog the usage of msn. That is a really well written article.
    I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read extra of
    your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。