pretense?

奈良から近鉄で名古屋に向かう途中です。ローカルな景色です。
   そこには別の時間が流れているように見えるのは、pretense?
名古屋出張から帰って、計画書の仕上げに追われていました。

Urbeさん、コメントありがとうございました。
(「先生」でなく、「yukioさん」でお願いします。)

「おっしゃるとおり,まさに自分の理解が他者の理解に先行します.自分の行動決定システムを使っているわけですから,もしそれがなければ,他者が次,何をするのかはまったく分からなくなるわけです.」
「しかしそのこと自体がどうしてシミュレーション理論の弱点になるのかが,いまいちうまく把握できません.」

このご説明をしたいと思いますが、その前に、教えていただけるでしょうか。

「pretense欲求」「pretense 信念」「pretense 意図」
これらはどういう意味なのでしょうか。つまり英語のpretenseの意味が解らないのです。
普通の辞書に載っている意味「みせかけ」とは、少し違うように思いますので、教えていただけるでしょうか。

「私の知っていることは他者も知っている」を「(the principle of charityの類)」と理解するというのは、非常に面白い指摘だと思います。

二つの間には確かに、深い関係があるだろうとおもいます。私は、コミュニケーションを可能にする基底の一つとして、共有知を考えています。共有知は、「私の知っていることは他者も知っている」をその一部としていますので、コミュニケーションを可能にする原理としての、principle of charity とも関係しているだろうとおもいます。もっと言うと、共有知から、principle of charity を説明できるかもしれません。

投稿者:

irieyukio

問答の哲学研究、ドイツ観念論研究、を専門にしています。 2019年3月に大阪大学を定年退職し、現在は名誉教授です。 香川県丸亀市生まれ、奈良市在住。

「pretense?」への185件のフィードバック

  1. SECRET: 0
    PASS:
    みせかけの欲求,みせかけの信念について,うまくいくかはわかりませんが,説明してみたいと思います.

    ゴールドマンは主体の意図・行動決定のヒューム的仕組みを前提としています.

    欲求+信念ー>意思決定システムー>行動意図

    私(主体)はどうして新幹線のチケット買った(あるいは買おうと思った)のでしょう?私は東京に行きたいという欲求を持っています.さらに,私は,新幹線に乗ると東京に行ける,という信念や,新幹線に乗るときは切符が要る,という信念を持っています.それらを意思決定システムに放り込むと,切符を買う,という意図が生じます.

    極めて単純な仕組みですが,これを前提として,シミュレーション理論を構成すると,みせかけの欲求・信念が必要となります.

  2. SECRET: 0
    PASS:
    上は主体の意思決定の仕組みです.シミュレーション理論はその仕組みを利用して,他者に意図を帰属させようとするものです.
    意思決定システムは,信念と欲求をインプットされると,意図をアウトプットします.他者の意図を読むとき,意思決定システムにインプットされる欲求と信念は,自分のものと区別されていなければなりません.その区別がなければ,主体がアウトプットとして決定された行動をとってしまいます.
    ですので,入力される欲求は他者が保持しているであろう「みせかけの欲求」であり,入力される信念は他者が保持しているであろう「みせかけの信念」となるわけです.そうして,出力として,「みせかけの意図」を手に入れるわけです.

    「みせかけ」,よりは「仮想の」といった言葉のほうがふさわしいのかもしれません.

    偽信念問題に関するゴールドマンの立場は,隔離されなければならない自分の「本当の」信念が「みせかけ・仮想の」信念に混入してしまうため,他者に間違った意図が出力されてしまう,というものです.

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